Ljubljana - Na Špici

Community

Ljubljana

Place name

Na Špici

Type of site

Pile Dwelling Site (PD / S3)

Last edited by

admin

Last update

Thu, 02/19/2015 - 17:16

Responsible for site

For Ig:
Public Institute Ljubljansko barje Landscape Park
Javni zavod Krajinski park Ljubljansko barje
Podpeška cesta 380
SI-1357 Notranje Gorice 
Tel: +386(0)8 205 23 50
e-mail: info@ljubljanskobarje.si

For all other sites:
Institute for the Protection of Cultural Heritage of Slovenia
Regional Office Ljubljana
Tržaška c. 4
Sl - 1000 Ljubljana

Administrative contact

Institute for the Protection of Cultural Heritage of Slovenia Regional Office Ljubljana Tržaška c. 4 Sl - 1000 Ljubljana
Extension (ha): 
0,28
Height above sea level (m): 
290,00

Map of pile dwelling sites

Dating text

Recent archaeological excavation confirmed a datation of the pile-dwelling to the middle of the third century BC. / Datation is unreliable. According to Tatjana Bregant et al., 1980, the settlement can be placed in the Neolithic period (locally Eneolithic); Josip Korošec argues in favour of a datation in the Bronze Age.

Description

The settlement on Špica is situated on the pier between the main riverbed of the Ljubljanica and Gruber’s canal. In the newspaper Slovenski narod, published on 30 July 1883, there is the news published on page 3 that next to the botanical garden, on a field belonging to Mr. F. X. Souvan, pile-dwellings were discovered. From the report in the Laibacher Zeitung, dated 16 August 1883 on page 1606 we discovered that the findings originated from the bank of the Ljubljanica near Maria’s bathing site on Špica. Later, Rajko Ložar confirmed the position of the site. In May 1936, he examined it and noticed vertical piles, sunk into the ground. They also came across pile-dwelling findings in the period between 1941 and 1943, in 1955 and 1956. In 2009 and 2010 an archaeological rescue excavation was carried out at Špica, led by the City Museum of Ljubljana, in cooperation with scientists of other fields (dendrochronologists, paleobotanics, archeobotanics, geologists). Based on archaeological finds the pile-dwelling can be dated to the middle of the third millennium BC. It was also discovered that the site was partially destroyed due to urbanization and consequential dehydration of the soil. To prevent further deterioration of the pile-dwelling's conservation state the Institute for the Protection of Cultural Heritage of Slovenia has prepared a comprehensive plan to protect the archaeological site. / The settlement on Špica is situated on the pier between the main riverbed of the Ljubljanica and Gruber’s canal. In the newspaper Slovenski narod, published on 30 July 1883, there is the news published on page 3 that next to the botanical garden, on a field belonging to Mr. F. X. Souvan, pile-dwellings were discovered. From the report in the Laibacher Zeitung, dated 16 August 1883 on page 1606 we discover that the findings originated from the bank of the Ljubljanica near Maria’s bathing site on Špica. Later, Rajko Ložar confirmed the position of the site. In May 1936, he examined it and noticed vertical piles, sunk into the ground. They also came across pile-dwelling findings in the period between 1941 and 1943, in 1955 and 1956. The position and datation of the site have not yet been confirmed using the modern research approach, but we assume that it is situated on a heavily urbanized area of Ljubljana. There are no data about the preservation of a cultural layer and piles.

Bibliography comment

Slovenski narod, 30 July 1883, 3; Stare 1954, 119; Korošec J. 1964, 35; Bregant et al. 1980, 13; Harej 1986, 94–96; Velušček 1997, 13–14.